Financial Health

Learn the traits of financially healthy students and some reasons for unexpected debt.

 

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If you've ever tried to get in shape, you know that there's no magic formula for exercising and eating right. You need the discipline to put your knowledge to work in the real world - even when it would be so easy to grab a supersized burger and skip that trip to the gym.

Becoming a financially healthy student is not so different - there are just a few things to know, but finding the motivation to make informed decisions every day can be the greatest challenge. Luckily, you can often start to see benefits of effective financial management right away - in the form of extra cash.

For working adults, the first step to financial health is earning more money than they spend. But for students, being financially healthy is a bit different. After all, the whole idea of being a student is to spend time studying and not working (or at least working less) in order to prepare for better opportunities in the future. And part of this trade-off often involves taking on debt in order to pay for school.

A financially healthy student works to minimize educational debt while successfully pursuing their career goals in college. They look for the best deals on their loans, make informed decisions about whether or not to work while in school, and understand the tradeoffs between spending now and repaying later.

How does one become a financially healthy student? Financially healthy students share most of the following traits:

  • They're organized. Most of us think we are pretty good at keeping track of our money, even without creating a spending plan. The only problem is that we are often wrong. If you've ever been surprised by your checking account balance or credit card bill, you know what we mean.

    To avoid wasteful spending, financially healthy students track their income, monthly bills and daily expenses. In a few minutes we will learn about creating monthly budgets, using the internet to keep your finances organized, and making sure you don't miss payments by accident. Being organized doesn't take much time, and it will help to ensure that you are spending money on what matters the most to you.

  • They're informed. They understand any fees associated with their bank or credit card accounts, and they know how much these fees add up to each month. They check their credit report at least once per year to spot errors and to check for the warning signs of identity theft. They know the interest rates on all of their debt and understand what could possibly cause those rates to change. By being informed, financially healthy students can create a plan for minimizing the most expensive debt while in school - possibly saving thousands of dollars over the life of their loans.
  • They think about the future. They may not have all the answers, but they have a good idea about where they would like to be - financially - after graduation. They have thought about their career and what their financial situation may be like as far as five years into their career. These are the big questions that too few students consider when making decisions about college, careers, and debt levels. If you haven't thought about your long term goals, a journaling exercise is coming up next. And the Real World calculator later in the course will give you a snapshot of some possible after-graduation income scenarios based on your major.

We mentioned before that getting in good financial shape could be a challenge. In fact, high levels of debt is the new normal for many Americans and college students are no exception. In addition to an average student loan debt of nearly $30,000, many students leave college with thousands in credit card debt. These debt levels are significantly higher than those of previous generations, and place many students in a financially vulnerable situation during and after college. Financial problems are also one of the main reasons students drop out of school - a truly worst case scenario.

High levels of debt can happen for a variety of reasons, from unexpected medical bills to the loss of a job to paying college tuition. But the main problem many students have in managing their debt levels is controlling their everyday spending, which can add up in ways you may not expect. In fact, marketers spend billions of dollars per year to convince us to part with our money through advertising, catalog mailings, and even by carefully orchestrating the lighting and music in your favorite stores to make you more likely to spend.

How many billboards have you seen that say, "You look great in what you are already wearing" or "Is it really worth $25 to sit in a movie theater for 90 minutes?" No company has anything to gain from you not consuming products and services, so you are not exactly going to find a lot of positive reinforcement out there for saving money.

Many students also feel peer pressure to keep up with the spending habits of their friends. For a student completely supported by their parents, living large with a daily latte has no financial consequences whatsoever. For everyone else, that habit could result in an extra $5,110 of debt over four years - that's 25% of the average undergraduate student loan debt.

As a first step in creating your financial plan, let's take a moment to learn about budgeting in the next topic.

UP NEXT: Budgeting for Students >>


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